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Diseases » Viral diseases » Prevalence
 

Prevalence and Incidence of Viral diseases

Prevalance of types of Viral diseases:

For details see prevalence of types of Viral diseases analysis; summary of available prevalence data:

Incidence of types of Viral diseases:

For details see incidence of types of Viral diseases analysis; summary of available incidence by type data:

  • HIV/AIDS: approximately 40,000 annual cases in USA (NIAID)
  • Human Papillomavirus: 5.5 million new cases (NIAID/American Social Health Association)
  • Genital herpes: 500,000 new cases annually; 1 million annual cases (CDC 2001)
  • enterovirus: estimated 10-15 million cases annually in USA (DVRD)
  • Common cold: 62 million cases (NIAID); 23.6 per 100 (NHIS96); estimated 1 billion colds in the USA annually; Children get 6-10 yearly, adults 2-4 yearly; over 60's less than 1 a year.
  • Flu: 36 per 100 (NHIS96); 35 million annually up to 50 million annually (NIAID/CDC); 10-20% yearly (NIAID)
  • Measles: 100 cases annually (1998); once common, now greatly reduced by MMR vaccination programs; 100 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Rubella: 364 cases annually (1998); incidence greatly reduced by MMR vaccination programs
  • Chicken pox: 120,624 annually (1995); 46,016 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 199.14 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
  • Mumps: 387 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); rare due to MMR vaccination
  • Polio: 0 annual cases of paralytic poliomyelitis notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Rabies: 18,000 cases (of rabies shots rather than actual rabies)
  • Dengue fever: about 100 to 200 cases annually in USA (NIAID)
  • Yellow fever: 1 annual case notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Hantavirus: 33 annual cases of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Rotavirus: 3 million cases in the USA each year.
  • Viral meningitis: 8,932 new cases in America 1995 (Meningitis Foundation of America, CDC, 1994)
  • Arbovirus: 0.1 new cases per 100,000 population of arbovirus infection was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Chickenpox: 120,624 annually (1995); 46,016 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 199.14 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
  • Smallpox: 0 cases throughout the world.
  • Infant Cytomegalic virus: 6,000 babies
  • Acute Appendicitis: 25 per 10,000 (age 10-17), 1-2 per per 10,000 (under 4)
  • Hepatitis A: 32,000 new cases in the USA 1992 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis B: 200,000 to 300,000 new cases in the USA 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis C: 150,000 new cases in the USA 1991 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis D: 70,000 new cases in the USA 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis E: 0.1 new cases per 100,000 population of Hepatitis E was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Ocular Herpes: 50,000 new/recurrent cases per year, 25% have stromal keratitis
  • Meningitis: approximately 25,000 cases of bacterial meningitis annually in USA; 206 annual cases in Victoria 1996 (DHS-VIC)
  • Shingles: 500,000 cases (NIAID)
  • Pneumonia: 4.8 million annual cases (1996); 1.8 per 100 (NHIS96)
  • Encephalitis, California serogroup viral: 70 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • St. Louis encephalitis: 4 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Enteroviruses: estimated 10-15 million cases annually in USA (DVRD)
  • Japanese encephalitis: 1 case annually in USA (DVBID)
  • Viral Hepatitis: about 452,000 annual cases based on incidence of HepA, HepB, HepC, and HepD (NIDDK 1990-1992)
  • Eastern equine encephalitis: 5 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Western equine encephalitis: 1 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Hemophilus influenzae B: 261 annual cases of invasive HIB in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Norwalk-like viruses: estimated 181,000 cases annually in USA (CDC-OC)
  • Barmah Forest virus: 4.6 new cases per 100,000 population of Barmah Forest Virus infection was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Ross River virus: 7.4 new cases per 100,000 population of Ross River Virus infection was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: 0 new cases of viral haemorrhagic fever per 100,000 population was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Genital warts: 1 million annual cases in the USA (NIAID)
  • Rubella congenital syndrome: 9 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • more types of Viral diseases...»

About prevalence and incidence statistics:

The term 'prevalence' of Viral diseases usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Viral diseases at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Viral diseases refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Viral diseases diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Footnotes:
1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000

 

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