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Glossary for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Arenaviruses: Rare viral infection usually caught from rodents.
  • Bleeding and coagulation conditions:
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever: An infectious disease that occurs in Bolivia and is caused by the Machupo virus. Transmission can occur through contact with infected rodent (Calomys callosus) droppings. The incubation period lasts from one to two weeks.
  • Bunyavirus: Virus of the family bunyaviridae.
  • Coagulopathy: A disorder of the blood where it fails to clot normally.
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Delirium: Severe state of mental confusion
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Severe complication of dengue
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Ebola: Dangerous virus mostly found in Africa.
  • Erythema: A condition which is characterized by redness of the skin due to congestion of the capillaries
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Filovirus: A group of viruses that includes Marburg and Ebola
  • Flavivirus: A group B arbovirus that causes disease in humans and animals
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Guanarito virus:
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Junin virus:
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • Marburg virus: Serious virus related to Ebola.
  • Muscle aches: Aches affecting one or more muscles
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Omsk hemorrhagic fever: A hemorrhagic fever caused by a virus. A serious outbreak occurred in Omsk and hence the name. Transmission occurs through tick bites. The infection has two phases: the first acute phase involves symptoms such as fever, rash and muscle pain and the second phase occurs after a week or two and involves the central nervous system (e.g. delirium, convulsions).
  • Prostration: Extreme exhaustion and fatigue.
  • Rift Valley Fever: Mosquito-borne viral infection affecting animals and humans
  • Sabia virus: An arbovirus causing fever, rashes and hemorrhagic bleeding
  • Seizures -- intellectual deficit due to hydroxylysinuria: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Tick-borne encephalitis: A viral infection (flavivirdae) of the central nervous system which is transmitted by ticks. Ticks usually feed on small rodents who are the main carriers of the virus. Transmission may also occur through the consumption of untreated milk. The incubation period is usually 1 to 2 weeks. The symptoms occur in two phases: the first involves symptoms of a general viral illness (fever, headache, nausea, aching muscles) followed by a period of remission and then central nervous system inflammation such as meningitis. However, many patients only suffer the first phase of the disease.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Weakness: Symptoms causing weakness of the body
  • Yellow fever: A viral infection transmitted by mosquito bites which can damage various organs such as the liver, heart, kidney and digestive tract.


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