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Treatments for Virus-induced asthma

Treatments for Virus-induced asthma:

Virus-induced asthma treatment: Symptoms may be best managed by taking measures to speed up recovery from the viral infection e.g. rest and fluids. Specific asthma medications may include bronchodilators and steroid inhalers. Oral steroids may be needed in severe cases. Patients prone to this form of asthma may benefit from having regular flu shots to prevent viral respiratory infections.

Treatment List for Virus-induced asthma

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Virus-induced asthma includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids
  • Management of asthma, and medications used to prevent and treat symptoms depends on the frequency and severity of symptoms. For some people, especially children, symptoms of asthma may only be present with an intercurrent viral illness, and are best treated with reliever medications when symptoms occur. Other people with more frequent asthma symptoms that are made worse when they have a viral illness may require preventer as well as reliever medication. Tretaments include
  • Avoidance of cigarette smoking - smoking cessation and avoidance of others smoking
  • Utilisation of an asthma action plan and self monitoring
  • Reliever medications for symptomatic relief:
    • Short acting beta2 agonists - salbutamol, terbutaline
    • Ipratropium
    • Oral corticosteroids often used in short courses for moderate to severe exacerbations
  • Preventer drugs:
    • Inhaled corticosteroids - beclomethasone, budesonide, ciclesonide, fluticasone
    • Long acting beta agonists - salmeterol, eformotorol - should always be used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids
    • Cromolyns - cromoglycate and nedocromil - sometimes used in children
    • Leukotriene receptor antagonists - montelukast, zafirlukast - useful for seasonal asthma and may reduce dose of inhaled steroids
    • Controlled release theophylline - sometimes used in severe persistent asthma
  • Severe asthma requires hospitalisation and treatment may include:
    • Continuous high flow oxygen
    • Continuous or frequent nebulised beta agonists
    • Steroids - intravenous and oral
    • Intravenous salbutamol
    • Intravenous adrenaline
    • Intubation and ventilation - used as a last resort for exhaustion related to severe asthma, or respiratory arrest
  • Allergen testing and desensitisation - may have a role in patients with a strong atopic component, but its use is controversial
  • Omalizumab - monoclonal antibody that may have a role in allergic asthma, but more data is required to define its place in asthma management
  • Alternative therapies that some people utilize to alleviate symptoms include: acupuncture, ayruvedic medicine, chiropractic manipulation, massage, hypnosis, exercise, herbal medicines, vitamin supplements, stress reduction and dietary changes
  • Evidence for efficacy of these approaches is variable

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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Virus-induced asthma

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