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Diseases » VLCAD deficiency » Glossary

Glossary for VLCAD deficiency

  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Cardiomyopathy: Any disease of the heart muscle
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital metabolic disorders: Congenital (birth) defects affecting any metabolic systems.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Myoglobinuria: Myoglobin (muscle protein) in the urine. It is often caused by destruction of muscle tissue for a variety of reasons such as certain drugs, metabolic abnormalities and trauma.
  • Rapid breathing: Excessively rapid breathing
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Syncope: Temporary loss of conciousness or fainting.
  • Very-Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare inherited genetic condition where the body is unable to convert certain fats to energy i.e. there is not enough of a certain enzyme which is needed to metabolize a type of fat called long-chain fatty acids. The build-up of these fatty acids in the body causes damage. There are three subtypes of the disorder each with varying severity: severe early-onset form, an intermediate form and an adult-onset form.


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