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Diseases » Waterborne Diseases » Glossary

Glossary for Waterborne Diseases

  • Amebic dysentery: Ameba-caused bacterial bowel infection and ulceration.
  • Ascariasis: Large intestinal roundworm from 6 to 13 inches.
  • Brainerd diarrhea: Diarrheal condition of unknown cause.
  • Cholera: An acute bacterial disease transmitted through food or water contaminated with human faeces. The intestinal infection is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cyclosporiasis: A parasitic disease caused by Cyclospora cayetensis which is transmitted by ingestion of food or water contaminated by infected fecal matter. Some cases are asymptomatic while others can be quite severe and untreated cases can suffer relapses.
  • Diseases contagious from contaminated water: Diseases that can be contracted from contaminated water
  • Dysentery: A general term for various bacterial digestive disorders.
  • Fasciolopsiasis: Infection with a type of intestinal fluke (Fasciola buski). Infection occurs by eating infected aquatic plants. The adult fluke attaches itself to the intestinal wall and causes ulcers which may be asymptomatic unless there is an extensive infestation.
  • Hymenolepiasis: A rare parasitic disease caused by a tapeworm called Hymenolepis nana or Hymenlepis dimunita. Infestation occurs through fecal contamination or by accidentally consuming insects that have eaten the parasitic eggs.
  • Microsporidiosis: An infectious disease caused by a certain group of protozoa which form spores (microsporidia) e.g. Encephalitozoon, Enterocytozoon, Nosema, Pleistophora, Trachipleistophora, Vittaforma, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Enterocytozoan )Septata) intestinalis). The protozoa invade and live inside the hosts cells. The release spores into the gastrointestinal tract where they are excreted and can infect other animals. The infection is often asymptomatic in healthy people but can cause serious symptoms affecting various parts of the body in immunocompromised people.
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Taeniasis: An infection with a type of tapeworm
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.


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