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Williams Syndrome

Williams Syndrome: Introduction

Williams Syndrome: Williams syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by physical and development problems. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology) ... more about Williams Syndrome.

Williams Syndrome: A syndrome characterised by mental retardation, facial abnormalities and emotional instability. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Williams Syndrome is available below.

Symptoms of Williams Syndrome

Treatments for Williams Syndrome

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Williams Syndrome:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Williams Syndrome?

Williams Syndrome: Related Patient Stories

Williams Syndrome: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Williams Syndrome:

Causes of Williams Syndrome

Read more about causes of Williams Syndrome.

More information about causes of Williams Syndrome:

Disease Topics Related To Williams Syndrome

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Williams Syndrome:

Less Common Symptoms of Williams Syndrome

Williams Syndrome: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Williams Syndrome

Mild worm infections undiagnosed in children: Human worm infestations, esp. threadworm, can be overlooked in some cases, because it may cause only mild or even absent symptoms. Although more »

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because he suffered from sudden inability to speak. This more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, more »

Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple equipment used to test blood pressure. The more »

Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or even those causing a mild concussion diagnosis. The more »

ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults. Some adults can remain undiagnosed, and indeed the condition more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked. This more »

Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) often fails to more »

Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with an eating disorder is female. The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to more »

Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be undiagnosed in teenagers. The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical depression to be overlooked. See misdiagnosis of depression or more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return. more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but migraines can also occur more »

Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression) may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders more »

Williams Syndrome: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Williams Syndrome

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Williams Syndrome:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Williams Syndrome, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Williams Syndrome: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Williams Syndrome

Medical research articles related to Williams Syndrome include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Williams Syndrome: Animations

Prognosis for Williams Syndrome

Prognosis for Williams Syndrome: Variable. Depends on level of mental impairment.

Research about Williams Syndrome

Visit our research pages for current research about Williams Syndrome treatments.

Clinical Trials for Williams Syndrome

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Williams Syndrome include:

Statistics for Williams Syndrome

Williams Syndrome: Broader Related Topics

Williams Syndrome Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Williams Syndrome, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Williams Syndrome

Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology (Excerpt)

Williams syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by physical and development problems. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

NINDS Williams Syndrome Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Williams syndrome is a rare, congenital (present at birth) disorder characterized by physical and developmental problems including an impulsive and outgoing (excessively social) personality, limited spatial skills and motor control, and intellectual disability (i.e., developmental delay, learning disabilities, mental retardation, or attention deficit disorder). (Source: excerpt from NINDS Williams Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

Definitions of Williams Syndrome:

A multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome with a complex phenotype and age-related variability of expression. Typical facial appearance (elfin facies) is the most characteristic feature of this syndrome. Delayed growth, feeding difficulty, failure to thrive, colic, otitis media, and mental retardation are the early symptoms in infancy. Developmental disabilities and cardiovascular complications become apparent later in childhood. Hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, and genitourinary disorders usually complicate adult development. The phenotype may overlap with hypercalcemia with or without mental retardation and supravalvular aortic stenosis with or without mental retardation. - (Source - Diseases Database)

A rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Williams Syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Williams Syndrome, or a subtype of Williams Syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)


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