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Diseases » Wilson's Disease » Glossary

Glossary for Wilson's Disease

  • Alzheimer's Disease: Dementia-causing brain disease mostly in seniors and the elderly.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
  • Blue nails: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of nails that are blue in appearance
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Brain damage: Damage to the brain from various causes
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Cataracts: Cloudy areas on the eye's cornea interfering with vision.
  • Choreoathetosis: Choreoathetosis is the occurrence of involuntary movements in a combination of chorea and athetosis.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Chronic form of Hepatitis C viral liver infection.
  • Chronic liver disease: Any form of chronic liver disease
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • End Stage Liver Failure: Late stage of liver failure characterised by the onset of mental and neurological symptoms, due to build up of toxic metabolites.
  • Essential tremor: It is a progressive neurological disease whose most recognizable feature is a tremor of the arms that is apparent during voluntary movements such as eating and writing.
  • Eye damage: When there is any damage to the eye
  • Haemolytic anaemia:
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Huntington's Disease: Inherited disease causing progressive mental deterioration.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Excess skin pigment or coloration
  • Kayser-Fleischer ring: Kayser-Fleischer rings (KF rings) are dark rings that appear to encircle the iris of the eye
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Kidney damage: Any damage that occurs to the kidneys
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver failure: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual.
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Muscle paralysis: The inability to use a muscle
  • Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Osteomalacia: A condition where the bones gradually soften and bend due to poor calcification stemming from a lack or impaired metabolism of vitamin D.
  • Parkinson's Disease: Degenerative brain condition characterised by tremor.
  • Penicillamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Penicillamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension may be defined as a portal pressure gradient of 12 mm Hg or greater and is often associated with varices and ascites.
  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis: This is a condition that is characterised by a metabolic acidosis state caused by impairment of a persons renal function
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Tremor: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Tremor conditions: Medical conditions causing or characterized by tremor (shaking/trembling symptoms).
  • Trypanosomiasis:
  • Wilson's Disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.


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